Problem URL. Describe the connection issue. SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. Values and violence [electronic resource] : intangible aspects of terrorism. Responsibility edited by Ibrahim A. Imprint Dordrecht ; London : Springer, c Physical description 1 online resource xviii, p. Series Studies in global justice 4. Online Available online. SpringerLink Full view.
More options. This site deals with the idea and practice of the "war on terrorism. The site looks at terrorism's history and root causes and how the concept has been used and abused. The targeted elimination of US citizen and radical cleric Anwar al-Awlaki for his alleged role as a terrorist affiliate raises troubling international legal questions. Reports Mixed Results on Afghan Poppy Crops September 30, Afghanistan modestly reduced its poppy cultivation this year in Helmand province though nationwide production has remained the same or increased.
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However, as he calls for global cooperation, Obama has intensified the US war in Afghanistan and secret operations in the Middle East. Washington Post. Detainees Barred from Access to US Courts May 21, A US Court of Appeals ruled that three men, who were captured outside Afghanistan and have been detained for years without trial, have no right to habeas corpus hearings in US Courts as Bagram is "on the sovereign territory of another government. On taking office, President Obama pledged to close Guantanamo Bay prison and abolish many of the detainee practices of the George W.
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The Obama administration is currently drafting "classified guidelines" to determine whether new captured terrorist suspects should be placed in long-term detention or whether they should be prosecuted. The guidelines will also provide answers on where to hold them and how to interrogate them.
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Bagram air base in Afghanistan appears to be the favoured location, in part because prisoners there are denied access to United States courts. LA Times. On June 9, , three prisoners at Guantanamo died suddenly and violently with Rear Admiral Harry Harris quick to declare the deaths "suicides.
Evidence suggests that the Obama administration has failed to seriously investigate the deaths and may have continued a cover-up of the possible homicides of these prisoners. Harpers Magazine. The US Government has detained an unknown number of prisoners at the Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan since , some of whom have been held for up to six years without charge or a fair hearing. Concerned that Bagram has become the new Guantanamo, the American Civil Liberties Union has filed habeas corpus petitions to allow four prisoners access to lawyers and the opportunity to challenge in court the legality of their detention.
According to Senator Lindsey Graham, the White House is again considering a "preventative detention" statute to govern persons held at Guantanamo Bay. The proposed statute would assist in the closing of Guantanamo Bay and govern the detention of persons, by the US government, outside the criminal justice system. There is concern from Human Rights Watch that the statute would "turn the anomaly of Guantanamo Bay into a permanent legal norm" and would give future President's the unfettered authority to detain people without trial "not because they were captured on a military battlefield but because they are considered a threat against national security.
A study conducted by a group of UN Special Rapporteurs has concluded that "secret detention in connection with counterterrorist policies remains a serious problem. General David McKiernan was suddenly fired earlier in May over his failure to stop the escalating violence in Afghanistan. General McChrystal, also known as "the Pope," is notorious for promoting torture techniques in counterterrorism. He has brought together military and intelligence operations to produce controversial battlefield results.
Preliminary Material in: Introduction to International Criminal Law, 2nd Revised Edition
The decision of the Obama administration to appoint McChrystal reflects a commitment to large scale, long term "special operations" involving further global military escalation. Barack Obama promised a major shift in U. However, after five months in office, Obama's policies seem to reflect considerable continuity with earlier administrations.
He has raised U. It is clear that U.
During a speech in Mumbai, British Foreign Secretary David Miliband criticized the "war on terror" and qualified it as "misleading and mistaken. He praised diplomacy over a military response contrary to the position he held four years ago Guardian. The author of this article draws parallels between the attacks on Pearl Harbor by Japan in and the US invasion of Iraq in Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because it perceived the US as a threat to its national interest. According to the "preemptive war" doctrine, which the US used to justify the attack, the US has the right to use force whenever its interests may be threatened.
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Both actions are breaches of international law, as the use of military force is illegal unless used in response to a prior attack. Using this order, the US military has conducted nearly 12 previously undisclosed attacks. This broadened the ground rules in the "Global War on Terror" and also removed sensitive military operations from the previous process of oversight and review. The Bush administration assaults civil liberties under the guise of the "war on terror," and not many US citizens express alarm.
With vague definitions of "terrorist" and "enemy combatant," police can arrest and imprison any US citizen based on suspicion and without evidence. President Bush also abuses power in the executive branch by sidestepping the Supreme Court, weakening Congress, and disregarding the Constitution. With his exercise of arbitrary and undefined power, the US is "sliding toward dictatorship" and falling away from democracy.
The US military holds detainees on secret "floating prisons", before transporting them to undisclosed detention centers, according to human rights organization Reprieve. Reprieve reports that the US military keeps many of the prisoners in cages and subjects them to physical abuse. Since , the US has held approximately 80, detainees, 26, of which remain in secret prisons. This Global Research article argues that propaganda for the "war on terrorism" disregards the historical link between al-Qaeda and the US.
The author argues that the "war on terrorism" is instead an excuse to expand US military domination.
With regard to its "acuity, its scope, and its likely duration," terrorism does not pose as great a threat as global warming, nuclear proliferation, disease, and conventional war. The authors claim that the Bush administration has used US citizens' fear to amplify the threat of terrorism and initiate a preventative war against it — a campaign as "meaningless" as "declaring war on serial murderers. This excerpt from the book "Selling US Wars" by Tariq Ali analyzes the theories and mechanisms employed by the US to "ensure indirect domination" worldwide.
One of the justifications the US gives for the extension of its sphere of influence is the "global war on terror," which the author states is an unacceptable form of "political violence terror.
Moreover, the author criticizes the use of "humanitarian intervention" and "democratization" as reasons for military invasions. Transnational Institute. This Foreign Policy in Focus article cites a growing trend towards unilateral military action as opposed to multilateral diplomacy in solving conflicts. This Oxford Research Group report argues that the main causes of conflict stem from global climate change, competition over resources, "marginalization of the majority world," and global militarism. These issues, combined with a military approach to terrorism, and the spread of fear-inducing propaganda, detract from realistic peace-building solutions.
Schwarzman in It is launched as a tribute to the ideals espoused by Gandhi in on the occasion of the th anniversary of his birth. This is an annual award given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards social, economic and political transformation through non-violence and other Gandhian methods.
Values and Violence
The award carries Rs. It is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, creed or sex. The Student Peace Prize is awarded biennially to a student or a student organization that has made a significant contribution to promoting peace and human rights. The Culture of Peace News Network , otherwise known simply as CPNN , is a UN authorized interactive online news network, committed to supporting the global movement for a culture of peace.
The Sydney Peace Prize is awarded to an organization or an individual whose life and work has demonstrated significant contributions to: The achievement of peace with justice locally, nationally or internationally The promotion and attainment of human rights The philosophy, language and practice of non violence.
A peace museum is a museum that documents historical peace initiatives. Many peace museums also provide advocacy programs for nonviolent conflict resolution. This may include conflicts at the personal, regional or international level. Religious beliefs often seek to identify and address the basic problems of human life, including the conflicts between, among, and within persons and societies.
In ancient Greek-speaking areas the virtue of peace was personified as the goddess Eirene , and in Latin-speaking areas as the goddess Pax.